Collections

With 160 registered and/or collected plant species from the period 1827-1875, the Beekbergerwoud is one of the most closely scrutinised 19th century Dutch nature conservation areas. However, the zoological collections from the Beekbergerwoud assembled during the same period have not yet been fully inventorised. This is a clear lacuna, as the reintroduction of locally-extinct species is nog longer restricted to plant species alone for some time already. 
En Tibi Perpetuis Ridentum Floribus Hortum… “Here for you a smiling garden with everlasting flowers", is the Latin inscription on this leather-bound herbarium from Italy. The ‘En Tibi herbarium’ contains 477 specimens, probably collected around Bologna. The watermark of the paper dates from 1550-1555 and the paper was made in Florence or Bologna. This makes this herbarium one of the oldest collection of dried plants compiled from a scientific perspective.
The more than 200 extinct birds in the Naturalis collection are a collection highlight which raises much interest among ornithologists. 135 extinct bird specimens are accessible through the BioPortal. Some of these specimens are unique. Naturalis is the only museum in the world to hold a Tahiti-Sandpiper Prosobonia leucoptera (Gmelin, 1789) and a specimen of Sharpe's Rail Gallirallus sharpei (Büttikofer, 1893). You can view the digitized extinct birds from all angles by rotating the 3d-images.
Naturalis houses the probably largest collection in the world of cainozoic molluscs from Indonesia. The most important part of it is the so-called Martin Collection of fossil shells from Java. The materials were collected between 1845 and 1910 by a.o. Franz Junghuhn, Pieter van Dijk, Rogier Verbeek, Karl Martin and his wife Hillegonda Martin-Icke. Thanks to the extensive taxonomical studies of Martin and his wife the Martin Collection has become a frequently consulted key collection for South-East Asian molluscs, fossil and recent. It contains nearly 2000 type lots of hundreds of species.
At Naturalis we manage the largest meteorite collection in the Netherlands, including some unique specimens. This diverse collection includes meteorites gathered around the world. In the Netherlands 6 meteorites have been recovered after an impact. Our collection includes 3 of these meteorites, the Glanerbrug meteorite, the Diepenveen meteorite and the Broek in Waterland meteorite. Naturalis has been formally recognized by the Meteoritical Society as a meteorite institute and much research is being done on this collection.
The Dubois collection consists of circa 40,000 objects, all collected between 1887 and 1900 in Indonesia by Eugène Dubois. It is a unique collection of fossils, providing an overview of the prehistoric fauna on Java and Sumatra, but as well of Dubois as a person and his dedication to palaeontological research. Besides fossils, the collections holds a vast archive and some of Dubois’ personal belongings, such as measuring instruments, his suitcase and some of his own teeth which he used to compare with fossil teeth of primates.
The Jongmans collection is the largest Dutch collection of Carboniferous fossils from the province of Limburg. The major part of the collection consists of beautifully preserved plant fossils. But faunal material is present as well. These mostly are aquatic animals, although some terrestrial animals - mainly insects - are also part of the collection.
Naturalis has one of the largest collection of woolly mammoth worldwide. de collection consists of ca. 9000 specimens. The majority is trawled up from the bottom of the North Sea. The collection is of course largely made up of large and heavy objects, but also the small details such as the first milk molar of a baby mammoth and the fragile hyoid are represented. More information [Dutch]
The Siebold Collection of natural history objects includes a total of 200 mammals, 900 birds, 750 fishes, 170 reptiles, over 5,000 invertebrates, 891 minerals and rocks, 6 fossils, 2,000 different species of plants and 12,000 herbarium specimens. Many of these are stored in Naturalis' collection depots and available in the BioPortal. The material was collected by Von Siebold between 1823 and 1829 during his stay in Japan.
During the Permian and Triassic the area which is now the Indonesian island of Timor was covered with a shallow sea containing a very species diverse reef. The fossils representing that reef are remarkably well preserved en form a unique source of information for the reconstruction of the Permian and Triassic marine world.